There are mainly two types of treatment, psychotherapy (also known as counseling or talk therapy) and medication. Sometimes people combine both psychotherapy and medication.
Psychotherapy for PTSD
Psychotherapy, or counseling, involves consulting a therapist.
Trauma-focused psychotherapy, which stresses on the memory of the traumatic event or its meaning, is the most helpful treatment for PTSD. There are different kinds of trauma-focused psychotherapy, such as:
Prolonged Exposure (PE) is a method where you talk about your trauma repeatedly until the memories no longer upset you. This helps you get more control over your thoughts and feelings about the trauma.
Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) where you learn skills to figure out how trauma changed your feelings and thoughts. By changing how you think about the trauma can change how you feel.
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), which involves focusing on hand movements and sounds while you talk about the trauma. This helps your brain work through traumatic memories.